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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 41-43

Red cell distribution width as a marker of thyroid papillary carcinoma

1 Department of General Surgery, Sarikaya State Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Konya, Turkey
3 Department of General Surgery, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey
4 Department of General Surgery, Medical Faculty, Mevlana University, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Baris Sevinc
Department of General Surgery, Sar?kaya State Hospital, Osmangazi Mah., Sar?kaya, Yozgat 66650
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2468-5585.185198

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Aim: The study aims to evaluate the relation between red cell distribution width (RDW) and papillary thyroid carcinoma. RDW is a part of routine complete blood count which shows the heterogeneity of the circulating red cells. Studies showed that RDW increases in inflammatory disorders. Methods: The patients' data from 100 cases with total thyroidectomy were retrospectively evaluated. A total of 50 cases with thyroid papillary carcinoma and 50 cases with benign thyroid nodule were included into the evaluation. Results: The mean RDW value was 14.5 ± 1.7 in papillary carcinoma group and 13.4 ± 0.8 in benign thyroid nodule group. Other hematological parameters of the groups were similar. According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal RDW value for thyroid papillary carcinoma was found to be 12.95% with a sensitivity of 88.00% and specificity of 70.00% (the area under an ROC curve: 0.718, P < 0.001). Conclusion: There is no study in literature evaluating the relation between RDW value and papillary thyroid carcinoma. According to the recent study, an increase in RDW value can be a helping parameter in differentiating papillary carcinoma from benign thyroid nodule.

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