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   Table of Contents - Current issue
July-September 2018
Volume 3 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 49-67

Online since Friday, September 28, 2018

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ABO blood group system and risk of brain tumors: A retrospective case–control study in Northeast of China p. 49
Liang Chang, Shihong Zhao, Zhou Dan, Guofu Li, Dongzhi Zhang, Chunlei Tan, Chuanlu Jiang
Aim: The findings on ABO blood groups and risk of brain tumors are inconsistent and contradictory. The aim of this study was to investigate this association through a case–control study in the northeast of China. Methods: Between 2001 and 2016, a total of 2077 cases with glioma (n = 612), meningioma (n = 816), and pituitary adenoma (n = 649), and 2716 healthy controls were retrospectively included in this study. Data were statistically analyzed by comparing to the participants with blood type O; after adjusting for age, gender, smoking, and alcohol status. Results: A comparatively higher incidence of glioma was observed with blood type B and AB cases (adjusting odds ratio [OR] = 1.389 [1.087–1.777] and 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.260 [1.572–3.250]). A comparatively lesser incidence of pituitary adenoma was observed with blood type B and AB cases (adjusting OR = 0.561 [0.445–0.706] and 95% CI = 0.358 [0.307–0.619]). Moreover, a comparatively lesser incidence of meningioma was observed with blood type B cases (adjusting OR and 95% CI of 0.577 [0.463–0.717]). Conclusion: Blood type B and AB could be associated with a higher incidence of glioma and lesser incidence of pituitary adenoma, with a decreased risk of meningioma in blood type B individuals. Future studies are needed to reconfirm our finding and explore the underlying mechanisms linking brain tumors to ABO blood types.
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Multiple pelvic osteomyelitis combined with adenocarcinoma: An extremely rare complication following intestinal fistula p. 54
Zhen Zhang, Minghua Ji, Shuzhang Guo
Aim: Intestinal fistula is a common condition with numerous infective complications. Adenocarcinoma in the anal fistula is a rare tumor, and most of the known cases have been documented as case reports. Osteomyelitis of the pelvis is uncommon. Whereas, adenocarcinoma associated with osteomyelitis of the pelvis and anal fistula is a rare case in clinical practice. We report an unusual case of multiple pelvic osteomyelitides, combined with intestinal tumors as a late complication following intestinal fistula. Methods: A case report and review of the pertinent English language literature. Results: To the best of our knowledge, this is the fist report in the English literature to describe multiple pelvic osteomyelitides combined with intestinal tumors as a serious complication following intestinal fistula. The diagnosis was made with the aid of computed tomography imaging, sinus imaging, X-ray film, needle aspiration biopsy, tumor marker tests, surgery, and pathological section. The complication was treated successfully with surgery. Conclusion: Multiple pelvic osteomyelitides combined with adenocarcinoma and anal fistula was indeed a rare case in clinical practice. Heightened awareness and better understanding of this complication would necessitate the early diagnosis and treatment.
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Postoperative infection of elbow joint replacement p. 57
Xipeng Wang, Kiyokazu Fukui, Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Masanobu Tsuchiya, Ayumi Kaneuji
Currently, elbow arthroplasty is used to treat elbow joint fracture, tumor, arthritis, and many other elbow-related diseases. However, due to the characteristics of the elbow joint, the success rate of elbow arthroplasty is lower than knee arthroplasty. The most common complication of this surgery is prosthesis infection and loosening. The focus of this case is on prosthesis infection after the elbow arthroplasty surgery.
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Mature cystic ovarian teratoma invading the bladder: A rare case report p. 62
Hong Guo, Keqiang Yin, Yusheng Wang, Xunan Tong, Haosen Yang, Mancheng Xia, Weibing Shuang
Mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) are the most common type of ovarian germ-cell tumor, rarely showing bladder invasion. We present a case of a premenopausal 47-year-old female who suffered from increased frequency to urinate followed by lower abdominal pain for 3 years. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of mature cystic ovarian teratoma invading the bladder, associated with lower abdominal pain after urination. Open partial cystectomy and lesion side accessory resection were done, which seemed effective in managing MCT that invades bladder.
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Polyetheretherketone in three-dimensional printing p. 67
Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu
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