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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 85-102

Biomaterials and surgical applications: The translational perspective


Department of Neurosciences, University Center of Health Sciences, Translational Neurosciences Institute, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Rodrigo Ramos-Zúñiga
Department of Neurosciences, University Center of Health Sciences, Translational Neurosciences Institute, University of Guadalajara, 44340 Guadalajara, Jalisco
Mexico
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ts.ts_17_17

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Basic research provides the results necessary to pursue translational work, where basic and translational approaches used in conjunction can allow for an increased impact in solving public health problems. Biomaterials draws from both approaches and are used today in many surgical specialty areas, such as tissue regeneration and regenerative medicine. These materials can be used as replacements for tissue, as scaffolds for regeneration, as substrates for cell growth, as drug-releasing or bioactive molecule-releasing vehicles, and as several other medical devices. Biopolymers used in regenerative medicine provide a good example of such materials and demonstrate the methodology of a translational approach, where the product begins at the laboratory bench, is applied in preclinical stages, and is finally delivered as a new medical solution back to the patient. The biocompatible, biodegradable, and bioactive properties of some of these polymers have opened different possibilities for their use in the repair and/or regeneration of different tissues, including skin, bone, cartilage, nerves, liver, and muscle. This article serves as a review of the properties of these biopolymers, their use in tissue engineering, and promising alternatives in regenerative medicine.


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